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育龙网核心提示: 1、IntheearlyinindustrializedcountriesofEuropetheprocessofindustrialization-withallthefar?reachingchangesinsocialpatterns

1、IntheearlyinindustrializedcountriesofEuropetheprocessofindustrialization-withallthefar?reachingchangesinsocialpatternsthatfollowed-wasspreadovernearlyacentury,whereasnowadaysadevelopingnationmayundergothesameprocessinadecadeorso

2、TheAmericaneconomicsystemisorganizedaroundabasicallyprivate?enterprise,market?orientedeconomyinwhichconsumerslargelydeterminewhatshallbeproducedbyspendingtheirmoneyinthemarketplaceforthosegoodsandservicesthattheywantmost

3、Pollutioniscausedeitherbyman′sreleaseofcompletelynewandoftenartificialsubstancesintotheenvironment,orbyreleasinggreatlyincreasedamountsofanaturalsubstance,suchasoilfromoiltankersintothesea。

4、Thekindsofevidencefortheroundnessoftheworldthatledfinallytoitsgeneralacceptanceincludedsuchdataastheshapeoftheshadowoftheearthonthemoonduringaneclipseofthemoon,thefactthatasonesailsfromportonashipthebuildingoftheportgraduallyseemtosinkbelowthesurfaceofthewater,and,mostconvincing,thefactthatitispossibletosailallaroundtheworldandreturntothestartingpointofthevoyage。

5、Apartfromtheenormousoutflowoffundsfromtheoil?consumingcountries,amorebasicconcernisthecapabilityofthemajorexportersofcrudeoiltoachieveacontinuingproductiontargetroughlydoublingoutputeverytenyearstomeettherequiredoildemandifpresenttrendcontinues。?

6、Pollutionandwastecombinetobeaproblemeveryonecanhelptosolvebycuttingoutunnessarybuying,excessconsumptionandcarelessdisposaloftheproductsweuseinourdailylives。?

7、Itisnowpossibletoaddorsubtracttwolargenumbersinonetotwomicroseconds,andtomultiplyordividethemintentotwentymicroseconds,sothatacomputercanperformasmucharithmeticinaquarterofanhourasanefficientclerkwithpencilandpapermightreasonablyhopetoachieveinalifetime。

8、Theimplicationsofthislineofreasoningareinescapable:themovementoftrafficthroughthestreetsofatowncannotbeunderstoodwithouttakingintoaccounttheactivitieswhichtakeplaceinthebuildingswhichlinethem;togetattherootsofthetrafficproblemwemustapproachitthroughthesocialandeconomicfactorswhichdeterminethewaysinwhichactivitiesandbuildingsarearrangedinourtowns。

9、Asthecenturydeveloped,theincreasingmagnitudeandcomplexityoftheproblemstobesolvedandthegrowinginterconnectionofdifferentdisciplinesmadeitimpossible,inmanycases,fortheindividualscientisttodealwiththehugemassofnewdata,techniquesandequipmentthatwererequiredforcarryingoutresearchaccuratelyandefficiently。?

10、Buteventoday,inspiteofthehighstandardoflivingwhichhasbecomegeneralinthemorefortunateWest,themajorityofpeopleintheworldstillspendnearlyalltheirtimeandenergyinanear?endingstrugglewithnaturetosecurethefoodandsheltertheyneed。